Category Archives: Festival

Teej: A Reflection on Social Changes

Dinesh Sharu

Dinesh Sharu

According to Hindu religious texts, Teej reflects the union of lord Shiva and goddess Parvati. According to Hindu mythological stories, Parvati practised a severely strict Vrata (a religious fasting) for 107 years to prove her devotion towards lord Shiva. Also, it is said that Parvati had reincarnated for 108 times to obtain Lord Shiva as her husband. Since, Teej is connected to Hindu religion, there seems a lack of strong base to find out the exact answer to address questions like where, when and how regarding its history. Yet, we can at least say that Teej entered in Nepal with the arrival of Hindus. In India, 3 types of Teej are celebrated in states like Gujarat, Rajasthan and Punjab: Hariyali Teej, Kajari Teej and Haritalika Teej. However, in Nepal there seems no existence of Teej other than Haritalika Teej. On the third bright full moon day of Bhadra, women perform their rituals by praying Lord Shiva and Parvati, especially married women for the long life and prosperity of their husband and unmarried women/girls for a husband of a kind they wish. On the day, they do not take foods, not even water to practise their strict Vrata. Other than Vrata, eating ‘Dar’ and dancing/singing are also important aspects of the festival.

How Teej reflects the changing society?

Mainly, a brief attempt to analyze how Nepali society is changing or transforming through the analysis of several elements related to Teej and Teej itself has been made. An analytical description of social changes is attempted on the basis of especially following elements that directly concerns with Teej culture. Continue reading →